Not that many, but they are the main casualties,” he said. “They are usually killed under stress. If you have a stable, you have a stable owner, and if you have a racing stable, you will have a lot of horses racing and dying – this is a way of life. And that’s what we’re trying to get people away from.”
The National Research Council, the national research agency for the U.S. Department of Energy, released its most detailed analysis yet of the risks posed by the Keystone XL oil pipeline and what could be done to protect American jobs and environment by delaying its opening.
The report, issued Tuesday, shows that TransCanada has not provided the detailed data, like an Environmental Protection Agency permitting permit, in its environmental clearance processes that the State Department required it to do. While the company claims that it is in full compliance and that it had submitted the required information, the U.S. government’s report indicates that this is not the case.
“Somehow they don’t seem to get a picture,” said Bruce Zick, a senior fellow with the non-partisan Center for American Progress.
The report says the pipeline has produced about 10 percent of the tar sands produced worldwide, and was projected in 2011 to produce at least 15 percent of the tar sands during the projected 10-year lifetime of the pipeline.
The report said the oil that makes up the product of this pipeline has been mined and produced in four regions of northern Alberta, Canada where there are significant reserves of bitumen.
The Keystone XL will transport this oil through Montana, South Dakota, Indiana and Nebraska, and into U.S. Midwest refineries where it will be sold as diluted bitumen in a process called “petro-dumping”.
The state of Nebraska is trying to block the pipeline, because “sources of crude oil must first be separated from the product in order to be sold on the open market,” writes the National Academies of Science in an editorial this week. “This process has been subject to much criticism. Critics have argued that the oil in question is a particularly toxic byproduct of refining bitumen and should not be treated as ‘petroleum’ at all.”
At the end of the day, however, it appears that the State Department is not going to allow the pipeline to go to completion. The State Department in February asked for environmental data about the pipeline but was rebuffed. TransCanada was granted its permit for building the pipeline in October