Why do we want them?
Let’s consider some other applications of funds to public universities, the main recipients.
1. The University of Texas
When the federal and state governments created the University of Texas System in 1905, the objective was to provide “a high-quality education in all subjects free from the disadvantages of poverty.” Students who were eligible to attend UT could therefore obtain financial aid from the State of Texas for a year when they were not in school. The plan also provided for the building and maintenance of facilities and professorships. The goal of public education was to achieve “a higher standard of achievement in the higher branches of education.”
Over the years, most students were expected to participate in their studies, and the University would take care and provide financial support during the period for which the student was not enrolled in school.
This model lasted until 1950, when the Supreme Court ruled to grant public universities, and the University of Texas in particular, the power to charge money to students not in attendance. It was not until 1965 that the university became the second largest student-financed institution in the United States.
At times over the past four decades, some faculty members have complained that the university has become like a family and, because of grants, students must remain enrolled.
The university’s ability to create its own resources and make them available has greatly diminished. Students now pay fees to cover expenses they no longer incur, such as textbooks. They now have to pay for things that they do not use; they are also expected to take out loans to cover expenses or loans that they cannot repay, such as on books.
Since the 1970s, faculty members who did not want to accept a grant were prohibited from writing about research results in professional journals. If they attempted to do so, they would receive a letter saying that their articles had been “taken out of context” (meaning written to undermine the university’s mission).
The university has also adopted a practice of not making public all of its spending — particularly when it comes to spending for student aid. Faculty members say they could not write about how much they had spent since their grant had expired, or whether they had incurred student loans.
2. the University of Iowa
The University of Iowa has been a recipient of federal financial aid since 1876.
Since 1949, an annual federal grant of $1 million has been given to the college. The University provides aid to two-thirds of all of its
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